Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::clean() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 33

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 463

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 464

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 465

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 466

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 467

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 468

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 35

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 38

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 50

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 54

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/index.php on line 34

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JObject in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/base/object.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 132

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getRouter() should be compatible with & JApplication::getRouter($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/www2voce/public_html/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getPathWay() should be compatible with & JApplication::getPathway($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/www2voce/public_html/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getMenu() should be compatible with & JApplication::getMenu($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/www2voce/public_html/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSession::set() should be compatible with JObject::set($property, $value = NULL) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 737

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSessionStorageNone::register() should be compatible with JSessionStorage::register($options = Array) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/storage/none.php on line 38

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 426

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/html/parameter.php on line 21

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JRegistryFormatINI::objectToString() should be compatible with JRegistryFormat::objectToString(&$object) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format/ini.php on line 281

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::importPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/index.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 92

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/plugins/system/jxtended.php on line 51

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JPlugin in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/plugin.php on line 75

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JEvent::update() should be compatible with JObserver::update() in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/event/event.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/plugins/system/nonumberelements.php on line 18

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getCmd() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/plugins/system/nonumberelements.php on line 27

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 255

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 151

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Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class CMSDb in /home/www2voce/public_html/components/libraries/cmslib/spframework.php on line 240

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/cache/cache.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

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Strict Standards: Declaration of JCacheStorage::get() should be compatible with JObject::get($property, $default = NULL) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/cache/storage.php on line 173

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/components/com_content/router.php on line 120

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getInt() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/index.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 179

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 134

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getWord() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/components/com_jomcomment/plugins/system.php on line 60

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 236

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 134

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/document/document.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JDocumentHTML::setBuffer() should be compatible with JDocument::setBuffer($content) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/document/html/html.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getCmd() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/index.php on line 70

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 255

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 134

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186
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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of ContentController::display() should be compatible with JController::display($cachable = false) in /home/www2voce/public_html/components/com_content/controller.php on line 28

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JHTML::script() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/html/html/behavior.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::root() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 176

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/uri.php on line 276

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

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Strict Standards: Declaration of JCacheView::get() should be compatible with JCache::get($id, $group = NULL) in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/cache/handler/view.php on line 150

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

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Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/components/com_content/router.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/includes/application.php on line 345

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 720

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 721

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/www2voce/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

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Profesor Michel Chossudovsky

¿“Armando el clima” como instrumento de guerra moderna?

"El clima como multiplicador de fuerzas: ser dueño del clima".

LAS TÉCNICAS de modificación ambiental (ENMOD) han estado disponibles para el ejército de los EE.UU. Durante más de medio siglo. El tema ha sido ampliamente documentado y debería formar parte del debate sobre el cambio climático.

La Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Clima (COP 26) se está reuniendo en Glasgow con delegados de unos 190 países. Como en anteriores Conferencias de la COP, el enfoque se centró casi exclusivamente en las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI).

Según la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático de 1992, "todos los países de la tierra están obligados por un tratado a" evitar el cambio climático peligroso "y encontrar formas de reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero a nivel mundial de manera equitativa".

La declaración anterior constituye un consenso estrecho que se centra en los nefastos impactos de las emisiones de CO2 (de los combustibles fósiles) en la temperatura mundial.

Mientras que los activistas por la paz en Glasgow han planteado la cuestión del ejército estadounidense como "el mayor emisor institucional de GEI en la Tierra", la cuestión de la "modificación del clima para uso militar" ha sido ignorada casualmente.

El tema más amplio de las técnicas de modificación ambiental (ENMOD) debe abordarse y analizarse cuidadosamente. También debe entenderse que los instrumentos de la guerra climática son parte del arsenal estadounidense de armas de destrucción masiva (ADM) y su uso propuesto por el Ejército de Estados Unidos contra los “enemigos” constituye no sólo un crimen contra la humanidad, sino por decir lo menos una amenaza para el planeta tierra.

En este ensayo, le proporciono al lector citas directas de un documento de la Fuerza Aérea de los EE.UU. De 1996 disponible públicamente sobre el uso de técnicas de modificación ambiental que proporcionan evidencia indeleble de que las amenazas son reales y deben abordarse.

Cabe señalar que Estados Unidos está violando una histórica Convención internacional de 1977 ratificada por la Asamblea General de la ONU que prohibió "el uso militar u otro uso hostil de técnicas de modificación ambiental que tengan efectos generalizados, duraderos o severos". (AP, 18 de mayo de 1977). Tanto Estados Unidos como la Unión Soviética fueron signatarios de la Convención.

Cada Estado Parte en esta Convención se compromete a no participar en el uso militar… de técnicas de modificación ambiental que tengan efectos generalizados, duraderos o severos como medio de destrucción, daño o lesión a cualquier otro Estado Parte. (Convención sobre la prohibición del uso militar o de cualquier otro uso hostil de técnicas de modificación ambiental, Naciones Unidas, Ginebra, 18 de mayo de 1977. Entró en vigor: 5 de octubre de 1978. (Michel Chossudovsky, 4 de noviembre de 2021).

El matemático estadounidense John von Neumann, en colaboración con el Departamento de Defensa de los Estados Unidos, comenzó su investigación sobre la modificación del clima a fines de la década de 1940 en el apogeo de la Guerra Fría y previó "formas de guerra climática aún inimaginables". Durante la guerra de Vietnam, se utilizaron técnicas de siembra de nubes, comenzando en 1967 bajo el Proyecto Popeye, cuyo objetivo era prolongar la temporada de monzones y bloquear las rutas de suministro enemigas a lo largo de Ho Chi Minh Trail.

El ejército de los EE.UU. Ha desarrollado capacidades avanzadas que le permiten alterar selectivamente los patrones climáticos. La tecnología, que se desarrolló inicialmente en la década de 1990 bajo el Programa de Investigación de Auroras Activas de Alta Frecuencia (HAARP), era un apéndice de la Iniciativa de Defensa Estratégica-'Star Wars'. Desde un punto de vista militar, HAARP —que fue abolida oficialmente en 2014— es un arma de destrucción masiva, que opera desde la atmósfera exterior y es capaz de desestabilizar los sistemas agrícolas y ecológicos de todo el mundo.

Oficialmente, el programa HAARP se ha cerrado en su ubicación en Alaska. Sin embargo, prevalece la tecnología de modificación del clima envuelta en secreto. Los documentos HAARP confirman que la tecnología estaba en pleno funcionamiento a mediados de la década de 1990.

(Para obtener más detalles, consulte Michel Chossudovsky, The Ultimate Weapon of Mass Destruction: Owning the Weather for Military Use, publicado por primera vez por Global Research en 2006).

Debe enfatizarse que, si bien el ejército de los EE.UU. Confirma que la guerra climática está en pleno funcionamiento, no hay evidencia documentada de su uso militar contra los enemigos de los EE.UU. El tema es un tabú entre los analistas ambientales. No se ha llevado a cabo una investigación en profundidad para revelar las dimensiones operativas de la guerra meteorológica.

La ironía es que CBC TV documentó los impactos de las técnicas ENMOD para uso militar a mediados de la década de 1990.

El informe de CBC TV reconoció que la instalación HAARP en Alaska bajo los auspicios de la Fuerza Aérea de los Estados Unidos tenía la capacidad de provocar tifones, terremotos, inundaciones y sequías:

La energía dirigida es una tecnología tan poderosa que podría usarse para calentar la ionosfera y convertir el clima en un arma de guerra. Imagínese el uso de una inundación para destruir una ciudad o tornados para diezmar un ejército que se acerca en el desierto. El ejército ha dedicado una gran cantidad de tiempo a la modificación del clima como concepto para los entornos de batalla. Si un pulso electromagnético se disparara sobre una ciudad, básicamente todas las cosas electrónicas en su hogar parpadearían y se apagarían, y serían destruidas permanentemente ".

Informe de televisión de CBC 1996 sobre el proyecto HAARP.

Las técnicas de modificación ambiental (ENMOD) han estado disponibles para el ejército de los EE.UU. Durante más de medio siglo.

El tema ha sido ampliamente documentado y debería formar parte del debate sobre el cambio climático.

La Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Clima (COP 26) se está reuniendo en Glasgow con delegados de unos 190 países. Como en anteriores Conferencias de la COP, el enfoque se centró casi exclusivamente en las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI).

Según la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático de 1992, "todos los países de la tierra están obligados por un tratado a" evitar el cambio climático peligroso "y encontrar formas de reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero a nivel mundial de manera equitativa".

La declaración anterior constituye un consenso estrecho que se centra en los nefastos impactos de las emisiones de CO2 (de los combustibles fósiles) en la temperatura mundial.

Mientras que los activistas por la paz en Glasgow han planteado la cuestión del ejército estadounidense como "el mayor emisor institucional de GEI en la Tierra", la cuestión de la "modificación del clima para uso militar" ha sido ignorada casualmente.

El tema más amplio de las técnicas de modificación ambiental (ENMOD) debe abordarse y analizarse cuidadosamente. También debe entenderse que los instrumentos de la guerra climática son parte del arsenal estadounidense de armas de destrucción masiva (ADM) y su uso propuesto por el Ejército de Estados Unidos contra los “enemigos” constituye no sólo un crimen contra la humanidad, sino por decir lo menos una amenaza para el planeta tierra.

En este ensayo, le proporciono al lector citas directas de un documento de la Fuerza Aérea de los EE.UU. De 1996 disponible públicamente sobre el uso de técnicas de modificación ambiental que proporcionan evidencia indeleble de que las amenazas son reales y deben abordarse.

Cabe señalar que Estados Unidos está violando una histórica Convención internacional de 1977 ratificada por la Asamblea General de la ONU que prohibió "el uso militar u otro uso hostil de técnicas de modificación ambiental que tengan efectos generalizados, duraderos o severos". (AP, 18 de mayo de 1977). Tanto Estados Unidos como la Unión Soviética fueron signatarios de la Convención.

Cada Estado Parte en esta Convención se compromete a no participar en el uso militar… de técnicas de modificación ambiental que tengan efectos generalizados, duraderos o severos como medio de destrucción, daño o lesión a cualquier otro Estado Parte. (Convención sobre la prohibición del uso militar o de cualquier otro uso hostil de técnicas de modificación ambiental, Naciones Unidas, Ginebra, 18 de mayo de 1977. Entró en vigor: 5 de octubre de 1978).

¿Las Fuerzas Armadas de los EE.UU. “Son dueños del clima”? ¿“Armando el clima” como instrumento de guerra moderna?

En este artículo, proporcionaremos citas clave de un documento de la Fuerza Aérea de los EE.UU. De 1996 que analiza las técnicas de modificación del clima para uso militar.

El objetivo subyacente desde un punto de vista militar es "apropiarse del clima".

En el momento en que se encargó este estudio en 1996, el programa HAARP ya estaba en pleno funcionamiento según lo documentado por el documental de CBC.

El propósito declarado del Informe se describe a continuación:

En este artículo mostramos que la aplicación apropiada de la modificación del clima puede proporcionar un dominio del espacio de batalla en un grado nunca antes imaginado. En el futuro, tales operaciones mejorarán la superioridad aérea y espacial y brindarán nuevas opciones para la configuración del espacio de batalla y la conciencia del espacio de batalla allí, esperando que lo hagamos todo junto ". en 2025 podremos "Adueñarnos del clima". (Encargado por el documento AF 2025 Final Report de la Fuerza Aérea de los EE.UU.)

Climate Change, Geoengineering and Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD)

Modificación del clima, según el documento AF 2025 Final Report de la Fuerza Aérea de EE.UU.

“Ofrece al guerrero una amplia gama de opciones posibles para derrotar o coaccionar a un adversario”, las capacidades, dice, se extienden al desencadenamiento de inundaciones, huracanes, sequías y terremotos:

“La modificación del clima se convertirá en parte de la seguridad nacional e internacional y podría hacerse de manera unilateral... Podría tener aplicaciones ofensivas y defensivas e incluso usarse con fines de disuasión. La capacidad de generar precipitaciones, niebla y tormentas en la tierra o de modificar el clima espacial ... y la producción de clima artificial son parte de un conjunto integrado de tecnologías [militares]”.

Desde mejorar las operaciones amigas o interrumpir las del enemigo a través de la adaptación a pequeña escala de los patrones climáticos naturales para completar el dominio de las comunicaciones globales y el control del contra espacio, la modificación del clima ofrece al guerrero una amplia gama de opciones posibles para derrotar o coaccionar a un adversario. Algunas de las capacidades potenciales que un sistema de modificación del clima podría proporcionar a un comandante en jefe de guerra (CINC).

¿Por qué querríamos alterar el clima?

"Según el general Gordon Sullivan, ex jefe de personal del ejército. A medida que avanzamos en tecnología hacia el siglo XXI, podremos ver al enemigo de día o de noche, en cualquier clima, e ir tras él sin descanso. La capacidad de modificación del clima global, precisa, en tiempo real, robusta y sistemática proporcionaría a los CINC que luchan en la guerra un poderoso multiplicador de fuerza para lograr los objetivos militares. Dado que el clima será común a todos los futuros posibles, una capacidad de modificación del clima sería de aplicación universal y tendría utilidad en todo el espectro del conflicto. La capacidad de influir en el clima, incluso a pequeña escala, podría cambiarlo de un degradador de fuerza a un multiplicador de fuerza".

Bajo el encabezado: ¿Qué queremos decir con "modificación del clima"?

El informe dice: “El término modificación del clima puede tener connotaciones negativas para muchas personas, tanto civiles como militares. Por lo tanto, es importante definir el alcance que se considerará en este documento para que los posibles críticos o defensores de futuras investigaciones tengan una base común para la discusión.”

En el sentido más amplio, la modificación del clima se puede dividir en dos categorías principales: supresión e intensificación de los patrones climáticos. En casos extremos, podría implicar la creación de patrones climáticos completamente nuevos, la atenuación o control de tormentas severas, o incluso la alteración del clima global en una escala de gran alcance y/o de larga duración. En los casos más leves y menos controvertidos, puede consistir en inducir o suprimir la precipitación, las nubes o la niebla durante períodos breves en una región de pequeña escala. Otras aplicaciones de baja intensidad podrían incluir la alteración y/o el uso del espacio cercano como medio para mejorar las comunicaciones, interrumpir la detección activa o pasiva, u otros fines".

El desencadenamiento de tormentas:

“Las tecnologías de modificación del clima podrían involucrar técnicas que aumentarían la liberación de calor latente en la atmósfera, proporcionarían vapor de agua adicional para el desarrollo de las células nubosas y proporcionarían una superficie adicional y un menor calentamiento atmosférico para aumentar la inestabilidad atmosférica.

Las condiciones atmosféricas preexistentes a nivel local y regional son fundamentales para el éxito de cualquier intento de activar una célula de tormenta. La atmósfera ya debe ser condicionalmente inestable y la dinámica a gran escala debe apoyar el desarrollo de nubes verticales. El enfoque del esfuerzo de modificación del clima sería proporcionar "condiciones" adicionales que harían que la atmósfera fuera lo suficientemente inestable como para generar nubes y eventualmente el desarrollo de células de tormenta. La trayectoria de las células de tormenta una vez desarrolladas o mejoradas depende no solo de la dinámica de mesoescala de la tormenta, sino también de los patrones de flujo del viento atmosférico a escala regional y sinóptica (global) en el área que actualmente no están sujetos al control humano".

¿Está involucrada la CIA en Ingeniería Climática?

La participación de la CIA en las tecnologías del cambio climático

En julio de 2013, MSN News informó que la CIA participó en la ayuda a financiar un proyecto de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias (NAS) que se centra en la geoingeniería y la manipulación del clima. El informe no solo reconoció estas tecnologías, sino que confirmó que la inteligencia estadounidense ha estado involucrada de manera rutinaria para abordar el problema de la manipulación climática:

“La CIA está ayudando a financiar la investigación porque la NAS también planea evaluar las preocupaciones de seguridad nacional (que podrían estar) relacionadas con las tecnologías de geoingeniería que se están implementando en algún lugar del mundo”, dijo Kearney.

En una declaración enviada por correo electrónico, Christopher White, portavoz de la oficina de asuntos públicos de la CIA, dijo a MSN: "En un tema como el cambio climático, la agencia trabaja con científicos para comprender mejor el fenómeno y sus implicaciones en la seguridad nacional".

Aunque la CIA y la NAS mantienen los labios cerrados sobre cuáles podrían ser estas preocupaciones, un investigador señala que la geoingeniería tiene el potencial de alterar deliberadamente el clima con fines terroristas o militares.

John Pike, director de GlobalSecurity.org, una firma con sede en Washington que se especializa en abordar las preocupaciones de seguridad emergentes, dice que las preocupaciones sobre el impacto potencial de la geoingeniería no son tan importantes como los posibles problemas de seguridad que podrían surgir si Estados Unidos no lo hace. No use la tecnología.

"La falta de participación en la geoingeniería podría afectar la estabilidad política de otros países y eso podría generar problemas para Estados Unidos", dijo.

El proyecto NAS cuenta con el apoyo de la comunidad de inteligencia de EE.UU., La Administración Nacional Oceánica y Atmosférica, la Administración Nacional de Aeronáutica y el Espacio y el Departamento de Energía.

“Ejemplos históricos de tecnologías relacionadas (p. Ej., “Siembra de nubes y otras modificaciones climáticas”) para obtener lecciones que se puedan aprender sobre las reacciones sociales, examinar qué acuerdos internacionales existen que pueden ser relevantes para las pruebas experimentales o el despliegue de tecnologías de geoingeniería, y explorar brevemente el potencial social y consideraciones éticas relacionadas con la geoingeniería. El objetivo de este estudio es proporcionar una base científica clara y cuidadosa que sirva de base a las discusiones éticas, legales y políticas en torno a la geoingeniería ". (Ver https://cutt.ly/CTGSPVN).

Según un informe de 2015 en The Independent, que cita al renombrado científico estadounidense Alan Robock: “Un científico climático estadounidense de alto rango ha hablado del miedo que experimentó cuando los servicios de inteligencia estadounidenses aparentemente le preguntaron sobre la posibilidad de convertir el clima en un arma, ya que esta semana se publicará un importante informe sobre geoingeniería.

El profesor Alan Robock declaró que hace tres años, dos hombres que afirmaban ser de la CIA lo habían llamado para preguntarle si los expertos podrían saber si las fuerzas hostiles habían comenzado a manipular el clima de EE.UU. Aunque sospechaba que el propósito de la llamada era encontrar averiguar si las fuerzas estadounidenses podrían inmiscuirse en el clima de otros países en su lugar".



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